The most fascinating learning and behavioral neuroscience research breakthroughs in 2017 will shape the way companies and training leaders understand, design, develop, and implement employee training in years to come. Here are 12 of the biggest employee training and learning research breakthroughs that happened in 2017.
1. Behavior change starts in the brain
Researchers at the University of Pennsylvania have discovered a small cluster of neurons in the brain that fires up when a brain pattern is about to change.
This discovery could lead to a better understanding of how people create, innovate, and explore. Learning research like this could also lead to better tools for employee training and management.
2. Brain training works…if you do it right
Researchers at Johns Hopkins University found that only one of two popular cognitive training methods worked when it comes to improving memory and attention, a technique known as the dual n-back method, that’s related to the Simon game you played as a child.
They compared the best method to a workout, with lead author Kara J. Blacker noting that:
“People say cognitive training either works or doesn’t work. We showed that it matters what kind of training you’re doing. This one task seems to show the most consistent results and the most impact on performance and should be the one we focus on if we’re interested in improving cognition through training.”
3. Creativity is an untapped asset at work
Creative skills that employees bring to work aren’t being tapped as much as they could be, a study from Lehigh University found.
Innovation and creativity are key as the U.S. moves away from manufacturing, and art school graduates (along with other employees who define themselves as artists) could be key to helping companies thrive.
4. Games can reverse poverty’s impact on brain development
Research has proven again and again that poverty has a negative effect on the way a brain develops.
From motor skills to cognitive speed, people raised in low-income families start behind the eight ball when it comes to learning and processing new information. Games can actually help reverse this, improving attention, efficiency, and visual-spatial skills.
5. Scientists create virtual brain cells in the lab
While creating a functioning brain may seem straight out of the movies, scientists at The Allen Institute for Brain Science have created virtual brain cells for research and study.
These 3D virtual cells were based on a model of living brain cells and will pave the way for even more research on brain development, function, and disorder.
6. Dream on: It means you’re smart
Finally, the truth comes out:
“People with efficient brains may have too much brain capacity to stop their minds from wandering.”
Eric Schumacher and his team at Georgia Tech found that people who report frequent daydreaming score higher on creative and intellectual ability and have measurably more effective brains than those who don’t. The smarter you are, the more you daydream.
7. There are no shortcuts to success
Behavioral neuroscience that offers insight into how people make decisions at work can also point out where unethical behavior originates in a company. Recent research from Penn State found that middle management played a key role in setting the bar for ethics in their companies.
When it comes to reaching sales targets and other goals set by upper management, many in the middle of the ladder made moves to preserve their jobs, says Linda Treviño, distinguished professor of organizational behavior and ethics, Smeal College of Business, Penn State:
“It became clear to middle managers that there was no way their people could meet these goals…Middle managers exploited vulnerabilities they identified in the organization to come up with ways to make it look like their workers were achieving goals when they weren’t.”
Prioritizing training and development for these middle managers can lead to untapped opportunities for your workforce’s ethical growth.
8. A simple device can help you think faster
Thinking on your feet is a valuable skill, and a team of scientists at U.S. Department of Defense’s Defense Advanced Research Project Agency (DARPA) used non-invasive transcranial direct current stimulation (tDCS) to speed up the rate of learning in macaque monkeys.
This small implantable device increases learning speed and holds promise as a treatment for memory loss caused by neural degeneration. Science fiction suddenly isn’t quite so fictional.
9. The tiniest brains may yield the biggest discoveries
Less a behavioral neuroscience discovery and more exciting potential brain research, the National Institute of Health’s BRAIN Initiative awarded $65.5 million in grants for scientists at UC Berkeley for the initiative’s Cell Census project.
This project coordinates with scientists all across the world to map the brains of genetically engineered mice in hopes of further understanding the more complex (and much larger) brains of humans.
10. Video games work for training, if you choose the right one
Brain research has found that video games work on the brain, but learning research indicates that only one type of game really works to improve performance on memory tasks and cognitive control: strategy games.
Gamification can be a great learning tool, but researchers caution that oversimplifying which games lead to learning can be a mistake. Strategy games produce measurable positive changes in cognitive performance.
11. Gamers may have a learning advantage
While there may be such a thing as too much screen time, turns out that video gamers have a learning advantage.
Neuropsychologists of the Ruhr-Universität Bochum found increased brain activity and performance in video gamers when compared to non video-gamers. Video gamers were able to more quickly pick up patterns, make predictions, and incorporate feedback than non-gamers.
12. Studies of the brain and how we learn are hotter than ever
In 100 studies of the brain in 2017, 78 of them dealt with five topics:
- Neurological disorders
- The prefrontal cortex
- Brain connectivity
- Brain mapping
- Methodology studies
Three of these topics deal directly with how we learn and process information, result in learning research that is now, more than ever, designed to work with the brain, not against it.
What do all of these studies mean for your workforce?
Now more than ever, faster (and deeper) learning is needed for your employees. Some key takeaways from 2017’s learning and behavioral neuroscience research suggests that as company leaders, we should:
- Use gamified courses, especially those that focus on strategy, to drive performance in key concepts
- Improve outreach and growth efforts with middle managers, encouraging them to prioritize ethics over sales targets and goals
- Focus on innovation and creativity in your training to encourage widespread organizational growth
What other insights did you pull from these studies, and how can you see them being applicable to your workforce?